scalefoot farm and surounding area


about the esk valley belted galloways...

belted galloway

The Esk Valley Herd

In 2007 Graham and Clare Peacock decided to introduce hardy stock onto Scalefoot. After considering many different rare breeds it was finally decided to stock the famous Belted Galloway. An initial stocking level of 5 head has now risen to 10 and numbers will again increase with this summers breeding program. The Esk Valley herd is officially registered with the Belted Galloway Cattle Society.



Belted Galloways

The Belted Galloway is a rare beef breed of cattle originating from Galloway in South West Scotland, adapted to living on the poor upland pastures and windswept moorlands of the region. The exact origin of the breed is unclear although it is often surmised that the white belt that distinguishes these cattle from the native black Galloway cattle may be as a result of cross breeding with Dutch Lakenvelder belted cattle. Belted Galloways are primarily raised for their quality marbled beef, although they are sometimes milked and purchased to adorn pastures due to their striking appearance


Breed history

belted galloways in snowThe origin of the white belt is unknown, but generally presumed to come from cross breeding with Dutch Belted cattle. A Polled Herd Book was started in 1852 (polled meaning ‘born without horns’) which registered both Aberdeen-Angus and Galloways. Galloway breeders acquired their own herd book in 1878. The Dun and Belted Galloway Association was formed in Scotland in 1921, and in 1951 the name of the organization was changed to the Belted Galloway Society and dun cattle were no longer registered. It also keeps and records pedigrees for Belted Galloways and oversees the registration of White and Red Galloways. Currently in the UK there is a thriving breeding programme overseen and guided by the Belted Galloway Cattle Society. Belted Galloways were first imported to the United States by Harry A. Prock of Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania in the late 1940s. A Belted Galloway Society was formed in the United States in the early 1950s.



Belted Galloways, also known as Belties, are currently listed with the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy as a "watched" breed, which means there are fewer than 2,500 annual registrations in the United States and a global population of less than 10,000. In 2007 they were formally removed from the UK Rare Breeds Survival Trust's watch list, having recovered sufficiently from the devastation of the foot and mouth crisis of the early 2000's, to have reached in excess of 1500 registered breeding females.


red belted gallowayColours are black, dun, or red, all with the characteristic white belt, which completely encircles the body but the Esk Valley herd consists of the black variety. These naturally polled hill cattle are eminently suited for converting rough grazing into lean meat. Their double coat of long hair, to shed the rain, and soft undercoat, for warmth, eliminates the need for expensive housing.The cows are long living, regular breeders noted for the amount of rich milk they produce, therefore rearing a good calf.